How to Train Canine Dogs Without the Help of Professional Trainers

How to Train Canine Dogs Without the Help of Professional Trainers

How to Train Canine Dogs Without the Help of Professional Trainers - A properly trained assistant dog is a valuable asset for someone with a disability. An assistant dog accompanies the owner wherever the owner goes, including to public places that normally do not allow dogs to enter, such as shopping, libraries, museums, theaters, hospitals, and cinemas.

Unfortunately, since dog assistants are very helpful and important, the queue list for getting an assistant dog is very long. If you need an assistant dog and can not wait any longer, you can train your own dog to be an assistant dog.

How to Train Canine Dogs Without the Help of Professional Trainers
How to Train Canine Dogs Without the Help of Professional Trainers

Recognizing Potential Dogs Being an Assistant Dog

1. Look for a dog with a productive age.

It's hard to tell if a puppy under six months has the cleverness and potential focus of being a dog assistant. The social institution that trains dog assistants even has a high failure rate despite having the knowledge to choose the right prospective dog assistant. Buying a puppy for the purpose of making it an assistant dog is like playing gambling. Better to look for a puppy that has been trained properly and has formed his personality.

2. Know the health condition of the dog.

Your assistant dog must have excellent health conditions in order to fulfill the requirements of performing his duties. For example, if a dog has arthritis and difficulty moving, it would be unfair if the dog is burdened with great responsibility. Also, some dogs with certain diseases, such as diabetes, need special attention and as an assistant will not be able to perform well.

You have to invest a lot of time to train your dog, then you need to make sure that your dog has an optimal health condition. This means you should take your dog to the veterinarian twice a year for examination and weighing, undergoing immunization procedures, and getting proper care to prevent parasitic disorders. This includes treatments due to flea and mite infestations, to the prevention of intestinal worms, which are all dependent on

3. Know whether the dog is smart and happy to serve.

This is a prime advantage of trained dogs, which makes training easier and more fun. Look for a young dog that approaches you without fear. The dog's body language will show her confidence, like her tail will go up, move left and right, her body goes directly to you (does not spin around the room), and her head is straight (not looking down or looking scared).

The best assistant dog is usually smart and loves to serve, so his size is not a problem at all. Very small Chihuahua to Great Dane dogs are potential dogs to perform this role, provided that their temperament characteristics are correct.

4. Find out from the dog owner about the training the dog has been living.

If basic training has been completed in full with good results by the dog, ask the dog to sit and be quiet. Watch if the dog is restless and look around (easily distracted) or he still looks at you (wants to serve you). Does the dog have a quick response or tend to react slowly (the dog is not ideal if it reacts slowly when needed).

5. Know if the dog can socialize and show confidence in social situations.

The dog must be confident in any situation and against anyone. If the dog is anxious or frightened in certain situations, it can harm you. Frightened dogs show closed body language, such as curling, unfocused eyes, creeping, or tail tucked between their hind legs. A frightened dog will often lick his lips, and if forced out of his comfort zone will growl. However, a confident dog would approach a human with a standing tail and wobbled, as if to ask for a caress.

6. Know whether the dog is benign and less protective.

An aggressive dog, overly guarding his territory or protective excess is also not a suitable dog to become an assistant dog. You will spend more time watching the dog than getting help from it. [2]
An aggressive dog likes to growl or raise his lips. Her neck feather (feather on the back) will stand. The dog will look at you with a fight and growl. However, a benign dog always wants to get close and touch his head into your hands, without showing his growl.

Train Your Dogs Being an Assistant Dog

1. Sterilize or get rid of your dog, if it has not been done.

All dog assistants are sterilized. Female dogs can not work when coming months (you will be followed by male dogs who want to marry her) and male dogs can easily be disturbed by territorial problems. In addition, sterilized dogs tend to be less aggressive, which is an important condition in an assistant dog. Mute or sterilize your dog at the age of four to six months, ie before the female dogs come to the moon and the male dog is distracted by the female dog. This is a good general guide to follow and not difficult to do.

If you are experienced and able to ensure that the dog will never be completely adjacent to an unsterilized dog (do not underestimate the shortest duration of time in this case), this "seclusion" period should ideally be between one to two years, depending on completion the full growth of your dog's bone plate (usually faster in smaller dogs and longer on large dogs). This makes the dog bone stronger, and this is especially important for dog assistants who perform heavy physical tasks for the benefit of the owner (such as an assistant dog that helps the mobility of the owner).
Depending on your dog's weight, sterilization costs range from Rp750,000-1,500,000 in most animal clinics.

2. Teach basic commands to your dog.

An assistant dog must be able to obey orders to sit, be quiet, lie down, and approach. The dog must also be able to walk on the side of the owner with a controlled attitude at all times. It is necessary that you always have full control over your dog. You can use verbal instructions as well as hand gestures as a form of a command. This is done by holding a dog snack in front of the dog's nose. Then, lift the snack with a circular motion toward the back of the dog's head. The dog would sit down as his eyes looked and his head turned to follow the snack. Flick your finger, then give the command "sit down" and give the snack as a reward.

Reminding dogs of orders is a difficult thing if the dog is not focused, then teach those commands in a room far away from other animals, or in a fenced backyard. Call the dog in your direction, then when he comes, flick your finger, repeat the word command (for example, "here"), and give him the wages. If the dog fails to follow orders by not wanting or slowing up to you, never snap at or scold the dog. This will make him reluctant to learn in the future.
An assistant dog training institute teaches good behavior and basic discipline in a normal dog unless you want to go further. Teach your dog how important it is to take care of you, and if you have not experienced dog training, seek help from a professional assistant dog trainer so you will not be wrong teaching your dog to develop bad habits.

3. Consider larvae for your dog.

The principle of larvae exercise is the use of a clicking sound ("click") to mark the dog's good behavior at that moment, then give a wage to him. The dog will learn to connect the sound of the flick with a snack pay and is very eager to get a snack when hearing the sound. This method supports good behavior worthy of respect, so the dog will remember and want to repeat the behavior in order to get wages. Dog punishment will only "teach it" to fear you and other trainers, and will not support your target in training the dog to be an assistant dog.

4. Teach the dog to behave well, whether tied up or not tied up.

Your dog should be completely obedient, whether or not he is being led by a rope.

5. Teach your dog not to greet others.

The assistant dog should focus only on you, and not others. This is a very important step because you may need the dog's help immediately, and if the dog approaches others to greet them, the dog can become careless and fail to help you quickly. To train this on your dog, ask for help from a friend, and ask them to come up slowly. Call your dog to sit by your side and look at you. If the dog sees a stranger approaching you, your friend should immediately stop his step (while ignoring the dog). When the dog's attention comes back to you, flick your finger and reward it.

Repeat this practice session continuously, then the dog will gradually learn that paying attention to others will not get him a wage (so it's useless) while focusing on you will make him a good wage.
Also, teach your dog to ignore a cat or food that happens to be on the street, an unknown person who speaks to him. or vehicle (especially the oncoming vehicle). The only focus your dog should care about and care about is "you" alone.

6. Teach your dog a clue that he is not on duty.

In certain situations, your dog can play games. Teach your dog a hint to make him understand the situation that he is not on duty. To do this, you may invite a friend to visit. Have your friend bring a dog puppet, and when the dog looks at him, flick your finger, use the word "play" and give his reward. This is a sign for the dog that he can continue to approach the puppet dog.

7. Teach your dog other special abilities.

The specific task you need to teach your dog depends on the things you are unable to do. If you are a deaf person, teach your dog to let you know when the doorbell, phone, or fire/security alarm goes off. If you have a problem with body movement, you may need to teach your dog to pick up objects that fall to the floor, such as a key, remote controller, or phone/cell phone.

Do all these exercises gradually. To get your dog to pick up a key, you need to introduce the key to your dog, throw the key, then tell him to get the key and give it to you. To teach your dog the key, put a set of keys on the floor so the dog can see it clearly. As the dog approaches the key and sniffs to investigate the key, flick your finger, say the word "key", and give her the wages. Whenever the dog approaches these keys, repeat the same routine. You will notice that the dog is proactive to approach the key, and at this point, say the word "key" and if the dog continues to approach the key, flick your finger.

Now, you need to teach it to pick up the key. Maybe you need ball-shaped keychains for your keys so your dog can pick up those keys without damaging his teeth. Place the keychain on its teeth, flick your fingers, say the word "hold," and give her a reward. Repeat this for a few days. Then, place the keys a little further, and have your dog pick it up by saying the word "key", then when the dog picks up the keys, say the word "hold". Next, use your command to get it closer to you to bring the dog back with the keys. When your dog returns the key, have the dog sit and drop the key from his mouth. Maybe you can provide extra snacks because the dog has run your command well. Flick your fingers, say the word "give", and give it a reward.

Make a short training session for about 5-10 minutes each time, but do it twice a day. Combine this training with other training and create a fun atmosphere, so your dog does not get bored easily.

8. Train your dog to use/access public facilities.

Good behavior is important so that other people can accept your dog and wait for you to come back or another team of dog assistants to come back. This includes: urinate and defecate only on command ignoring interesting objects or the smell of food (this is important, especially when in the store) walk calmly following your guidance as for the owner, at all times (unless the owner does not lead the dog, for reasons of the owner's limitations)
never showing aggressive reactions as if to attack other people or other assistant dogs in public places.

9. Certify your dog's assistant.

Although it is not a legal requirement to have a certification stating that your dog is an assistant dog, it may reduce the problem if the dog escorts you to places where dogs are not allowed to enter.
Be aware of specific institutions that are appropriate to the function of the assistant dog (for example, the agency dealing with the certification of an assistant dog for the hearing impaired, or certification of an assistant dog to lead the blind) and ask the officer if there is a team of experts who can assess the ability and make license/certificate for your dog.

Obtain a form of a certificate stating or confirming your need for an assistant dog. Maybe this could be a doctor's letter explaining the condition of your limitations as well as how much you need an assistant dog. Check your dog at the veterinary clinic and get a health certificate and good behavior stating that the dog has a good health condition and has been well trained.

Submit all these required documents to create an assistant dog certificate/certificate to the authorized institution, and look forward to further instructions from the agency.


Maybe one of your family members or close friends is a dog lover who can help you train the dog, but you still have to be careful that the dog is not dependent on the trainer and not on you.
Contact an assistant dog trainer or organization if they can not provide a dog assistant or training for you. This agency/organization may be able to provide you with advice via phone or email if you have problems while training your own dog.

"The International Association of Assistance Dog Partners" in the US (Association of International Dog Associates) publishes complete information on assistant dog training, including behavioral training and specific tasks to be performed by the dog, who can assist you with disability conditions vary. In addition, the organization also provides legal and relief information relating to assistant dogs, service selecting assistant dog candidates, finding assistant dog organizations, and more.


  • Maintaining dogs requires a long-term commitment. Prepare to take care of the dog until he is about 20 years old.
  • Be realistic. If this disability condition makes you unable to do dog training, do not do it, because it takes a lot of time and energy to train a dog to be an assistant dog at a decent level of functioning ability.
  • Seek help from a professional assistant dog trainer, unless you are experienced. If you know how to teach a dog about behavior without the help of others, you should have no problem training your own dog.

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